The action framework introduced here will help to clarify current thinking about the response process and the factors to take into account at each stage. This will be of particular interest to those planning health and social policy or interventions to address drug problems, but can equally apply to responses at the individual level.

It also provides a structure to the different miniguides which, together, make up the Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide.

Last update: 18 October 2021.